The Afghan rug belongs to the group of Central Asian rugs. The expression "Afghan" stands for Afghani rugs which are made in the areas of the production centers Aqcha, Andkhoi and Kunduz in the Northern province of Turkestan. The Afghan rug is made by members of the Turkmen tribes who either settled down in that area or who are Half-Nomads. They are made with horizontal looms which is very rare. The main part of the significant production comes from the domestic works of settled peasants, but some also from manufactories or nomadic production.
This Oriental carpet has a so called "garden design" or as in Persian "Kheshti". The design of Oriental "garden rugs" represents sophisticated garden layouts from a bird's eye view. The oldest garden rugs date back to the 16th century. The legendary rug "Spring of Khosrow" of Khosrow the Sassanide king served as a template. The rugs are divided into fields which are separated by water ditches. The ditches in which often fish and ducks are swimming are flanked by bushes and flowers. Altogether garden rugs are an expression of the special Oriental love of floral beauty which peaked in fantastically laid out gardens.
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